Katsura 鬘 [wig]

* Related Modules: Puppetry Research

Kabuki: Something that actors wear on their heads onstage. It is also called
"atama" [head].

The wig is based on a "daigane" [base-metal], a thin copper plate which is pounded to fit the shape of actor's head, onto which the hair weave (mino) is attached. It is said that this technique was invented in the Enpo Era (1673-1681). In the late Edo Period, "habutae" [a kind of thin silk cloth] was attached to the thin copper plate to make the hairline appear more natural. This made the hair appear as though it were actually growing from the head.

Basically, a wig is formed of four parts. These are called bin (the sidelocks on either side of wigs), mage (topknot, at the top and rear of wigs), tabo (backhair, on the rear of wigs) and maegami (forelock). The shape of each of these parts can be changed with use of accessories called kakemono ("things attached") or sashimono ("things stuck through"). The combinations of shapes of the four parts are changed based on the actors' roles.  There are about 1000 kinds of male role wigs and 400 kinds of female role wigs. The female role wigs have fewer variations than the male and changes are usually made by the shape of mage.

歌舞伎: 役者が舞台でつけるもので、「あたま」とも呼ばれる。

薄い銅版を叩き、台金と呼ばれる土台を作り、それに毛髪を編みこんだ蓑をつける。 延宝年間にこの方法が考案されたと言われる。また江戸後期には生え際が自然に見えるように台金に羽二重を貼り、毛を植え込むようにもなる。こうすることに よって髪が実際に頭あら生えているように見える。

基本的に鬘は鬢、髷、 髱、前髪の4つの部分でできあがっている。それぞれの部分の形を変化させ、掛け物やさし物とよばれる付属品などを用いる。その組み合わせを変えて役を作る。男方では1000種類、女方では400種類ほどある。女方は鬢の形があまり変わらず、変化はほとんど髷でつけられる。

See images of katsura on GloPAC

 

 


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